Hysteroscopy provides a way for your physician to look inside your uterus. A hysteroscope is a thin, telescope-like instrument that is inserted into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. This tool often helps a physician diagnose or treat a uterine problem. Hysteroscopy is minor surgery which is performed either in your physician's office or in a hospital setting. It can be performed with local, regional, or general anesthesia -- sometimes no anesthesia is needed. There is little risk involved with this procedure for most women.
A hysteroscopy can be used either to diagnose a condition or to treat a condition. It can help your surgeon find out what is causing your symptoms, for example heavy periods. It can also be used to check for womb conditions such as polyps (small growths of tissue in your womb lining) or some types of fibroids (non-cancerous growths of muscle in your womb). If you're having problems getting pregnant, a hysteroscopy can be done to see if there are any problems within your womb.
During a hysteroscopy, your surgeon may take a biopsy (a small sample of tissue) for examination in a laboratory, and/or treat the inside of your womb. He or she can remove polyps and fibroids during a hysteroscopy. Your surgeon can also treat scar tissue (adhesions) within the lining of your womb during the procedure. You can have an intra-uterine system (IUS), or coil, put in during a hysteroscopy, or your surgeon can take out a coil that has moved out of place.